Last Updated on July 28, 2023

We are tracking NIL laws by state.

Last Updated on July 28, 2023

StateStatusEffective Date
(if enacted)
AlabamaSigned into law; Repealed 2/3/227/1/2021
ArizonaSigned into law7/23/2021
ArkansasSigned into law; amended in April 2023 to allow institutions and their fundraising arms to source deals for athletes, allows foundations to enter into NIL deals with athletes1/1/2022
CaliforniaSigned into law9/1/2021 (moved up from 1/1/2023)
ColoradoSigned into law7/1/2021 (moved up from 1/1/2023)
ConnecticutRecognized as a Public Act 15 days after the Senate approved it; revised in May 2022 to allow the use of university intellectual property and currently awaiting the Governor’s signature9/1/2021
DelawareAthlete Agent Act amended to include agents representing student athletes for NILn/a
District of Columbia (D.C.)Bill proposed in October 2021; public hearing September 2022
Federal“Student-Athlete Equity Act”; Introduced by Rep. Mark Walker (R-NC); Referred to the House Committee on Ways and Means 03/14/19Taxable year beginning after bill is passed
Federal“Fairness in Collegiate Athletics Act”; Introduced by Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL); Read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation as of 6/8/207/30/2021
Federal“Student Athlete Level Playing Field Act”; Introduced by Sen. Anthony Gonzalez (R-OH); Referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and in addition to the Committee on Education and Labor as of 9/24/20; reintroduced in May 2023N/A
Federal“Collegiate Athlete Compensation Rights Act”; Introduced by Sen. Roger Wicker (R-MS); Read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation as of 12/10/20N/A
Federal“College Athletes Bill of Rights”; Introduced by Rep. Janice Schakowsky (D-IL); Referred to the Committee on Education and Labor, and in addition to the Committee on Energy and Commerce as of 12/18/20N/A
Federal“College Athletes Bill of Rights”; Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary as of 12/17/20N/A
Federal“Amateur Athletes Protection and Compensation Act of 2021”; Introduced by Sen. Jerry Moran (R-KS); Read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation as of 2/24/21N/A
Federal“College Athlete Economic Freedom Act”; Introduced by Sen. Christopher Murphy (D-CT); Read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation as of 2/4/21; reintroduced July 2023N/A
Federal“The Protecting Athletes, Schools, and Sports Act of 2023” introduced by Sens. Tommy Tuberville, R-Ala., and Joe Manchin, D-W. Va.N/A
Federal“College Athletes Protection and Compensation Act of 2023” is a bipartisan discussion draft (not yet introduced as a bill) circulated in July 2023N/A
FloridaSigned into law7/1/2021
GeorgiaSigned into law; considered by many to have “sunset” now7/1/2021
Hawai’iBill introducedUpon approval
IllinoisSigned into law; amended as of 5/29/227/1/2021
IowaBill introduced7/1/2021
KansasPassed House1/2/2022
KentuckyGovernor issued executive order 6/24/21; Senate passed bill that largely matches executive order 2/10/22, House or Representatives passed 3/7/22; Governor signed 3/9/227/1/2021 for executive order; 3/9/22 for bill
LouisianaSigned into law7/1/2021
MaineBill introduced 1/5/22TBD
MarylandSigned into law7/1/2023
MassachusettsBill introduced1/1/2022
MichiganSigned into law12/31/2022
MinnesotaBill introduced1/1/2023
MississippiSigned into law; amended as of 4/18/227/1/2021
MissouriSigned into law; amended as of 5/12/22 and signed by the governor 6/16/22; amended in July 2023 to prevent the NCAA from opening an investigation or taking action against an institution for protected NIL activities, also allows institutions and coaches to create and negotiate NIL deals; allows high school NIL after signing National Letter of Intent8/28/2021
MontanaSigned into law6/1/2023
NebraskaSigned into lawImmediately, but no later than 7/1/2023
NevadaSigned into law1/1/2022
New HampshireBill introducedN/A
New JerseySigned into law5th academic year after passage
New MexicoSigned into law7/1/2021
New YorkSigned into law; amended in July 2023 to prevent the NCAA from opening investigations or penalizing for protected NIL activities11/21/2022
North CarolinaExecutive order signed into law by governor on 7/2/20217/2/2021
OhioGovernor signed an executive order 6/28/21; also included in state budget (House Bill 110)7/1/2021
OklahomaSigned into law; amended in May 2023 to prohibit the NCAA from penalizing for protected NIL activities and allows athletic departments to endorse collectivesImmediately, but no later than July 1, 2023
OregonSigned into law; additional bill (SB 1505) passed 2/23/22 to require producers of team jerseys, video games and trading cards to pay royalties to student athletes whose NIL is used; Governor Brown signed the bill regarding royalties into law 3/11/227/1/2021; royalties law goes into effect 7/1/22
PennslyvaniaNIL language included in state budget proposalImmediately
Rhode IslandPending Senate Education Committee action as of 6/25/211/1/2021
South CarolinaSigned into law; Attorney General moved up start date from 7/1/22 to 7/1/21; the law is suspended for 2022-23 school year7/1/2021
TennesseeSigned into law; amended 4/20/221/1/2022
TexasSigned into law; amended in June 2023 to allow more involvement by institutions and prohibit the NCAA from penalizing for NIL activities allowed by state law7/1/2021
VermontBill introduced1/1/2023
VirginiaGovernor added NIL provision in budget proposal as of 8/3/21; SB 223 signed April 11, 2022Immediately
WashingtonBill introduced1/1/2023
West VirginiaBill introducedN/A
WisconsinNo bill proposed, but politicians say they are considering and drafting a billN/A

Law Changes in 2023

In 2023, states began amending their existing NIL laws to allow for more involvement by institutions and prohibit the NCAA from enforcing penalties for protected NIL activities.

State laws prohibiting NCAA penalties for NIL:

  • Arkansas
  • Missouri
  • New York
  • Oklahoma
  • Texas

States where collectives have become part of athletic foundations:

  • Arkansas
  • Texas

When do state name, image and likeness laws go into effect?

Immediately

  • Oklahoma (schools can grant rights immediately, but no later than July 1, 2023)
  • Nebraska (schools can grant rights immediately, but no later than July 1, 2023)
  • Pennsylvania

July 1, 2021

  • Alabama (Repealed as of 2/3/22)
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Mississippi (amended as of 4/18/22)
  • New Mexico
  • Texas
  • Kentucky (executive order effective 7/1/21; new bill passed and went into effect 3/10/22)
  • Ohio
  • Oregon (new royalties law goes into effect 7/1/22)
  • Illinois (amended as of 5/29/22)
  • Colorado
  • South Carolina

July 2, 2021

  • North Carolina

July 23, 2021

  • Arizona

August 28, 2021

  • Missouri (amendment goes into effect 8/28/22)

August 31, 2021

  • Virginia

September 1, 2021

  • Connecticut
  • California

January 1, 2022

  • Arkansas
  • Tennessee (amended as of 4/20/22)
  • Nevada

December 31, 2022

  • Michigan

June 1, 2023

  • Montana

July 1, 2023

  • Maryland

2025

  • New Jersey (the law goes into effect the 5th academic year after passage)