Nineteen States Now Have Name, Image and Likeness Laws

Last Updated on June 15, 2021

Texas Governor Greg Abbott has now signed his state’s name, image and likeness legislation into law, brining the total to 19 states with NIL laws. Texas will join five other schools set to go into effect July 1, 2021. Oklahoma and Nebraska’s laws allowed schools to grant rights immediately upon signing, but each requires certain conditions to be met first. To date, none of the schools in either of those states has granted the rights to student athletes.

Four other states have bills awaiting signatures from their governors: Connecticut, Illinois, Louisiana and Missouri.

When do state name, image and likeness laws go into effect?


  • Oklahoma (schools can grant rights immediately, but no later than July 1, 2023)
  • Nebraska (schools can grant rights immediately, but no later than July 1, 2023)

July 1, 2021

  • Alabama
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Mississippi
  • New Mexico
  • Texas

July 23, 2021

  • Arizona

January 1, 2022

  • Arkansas
  • Tennessee
  • Nevada

July 1, 2022

  • South Carolina

December 31, 2022

  • Michigan

January 1, 2023

  • California (there’s currently a proposal to move up the date to no later than 1/1/22)
  • Colorado

June 1, 2023

  • Montana

July 1, 2023

  • Maryland


  • New Jersey (the law goes into effect the 5th academic year after passage)

Check out our state-by-state NIL tracker for the latest updates


  • Kristi Dosh

    Kristi A. Dosh is the founder of and has served as a sports business analyst and contributor for outlets such as Forbes, ESPN, SportsBusiness Journal, Bleacher Report, SB Nation and more. She is also the author of a book on the business of college football, Saturday Millionaires. Kristi is a sought-after consultant and speaker on topics related to the business of college sports and a former practicing attorney. Click to learn more

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